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《Oceanologia Et Limnologia Sinica》 2009-04
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LOSS OF THE GENETIC DIVERSITY IN CULTIVATED POPULATIONS OF PSEUDOSCIAENA CROCEA BY AFLP

LI Zhong-Bao1, 2, FANG Xiu3, CHEN Jin1, 2, CHANG Jian-Bo1, 2, LEI Guang-Gao1, 2, ZHANG Gui-Ling1, 2, ZHAO Bin-Li1, 2, WANG Zhan-Lin1, 2 (1. Fisheries College, Jimei University, Xiamen, 361021; 2. Institute of Aquaculture Biotechnology, Jimei University, Xiamen, 361021; 3. Fujian Min Wei Aquatic Products Industrial Co., Ltd., Fuding, 355200)  
Genetic diversity of two wild and two cultivated populations of Pseudosciaena crocea in Fujian Province were analyzed by AFLP. A total of 472 loci were detected from 120 individuals in the 4 populations, of which 220 (46.61%) are polymorphic. The results from AFLP technique show that the genetic diversity in the cultivated populations has been reduced compared to that of wild populations. The percentage of polymorphic loci, the Nei’s Gene Diversity, Shannon’s Information Index and the mean effective number of alleles per locus in two wild populations are 42.42%—45.14%, 0.1046—0.1245, 0.1659—0.1942 and 1.4153—1.4428, respectively, which in two cultivated populations are 40.83%—40.53%, 0.1027—0.1039, 0.1615—0.1633 and 1.3919—1.3856, respectively. Genetic distance among the 4 populations varies from 0.0359—0.1465, in the mean of 0.079, and the gene flow (Nm) is 1.0808. These results show a lower-level genetic diversity compared to other fishes.
【Fund】: 福建省高等教育新世纪优秀人才支持计划项目 闽教科[2006]35号;; 集美大学创新团队基金项目 2007A001号
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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