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《Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica》 2011-05
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LONG-TERM CHANGES IN MAJOR METEOROLOGICAL AND HYDROLOGICAL FACTORS IN THE JIAOZHOU BAY

SUN Song1,2,SUN Xiao-Xia1,ZHANG Guang-Tao1,TANG Hao-Bin1,LIU Qun1,LI Guo-Min1(1.Jiaozhou Bay Marine Ecosystem Research Station,Institute of Oceanology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Qingdao,266071;2.Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences,Institute of Oceanology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Qingdao,266071)  
Long-term variations of four meteorological and hydrological factors,including air temperature and precipitation(1898—2008),sea water temperature and salinity(1962—2008) were analyzed using linear regression.Our results indicated that the air temperature in the Jiaozhou Bay area showed an overall increasing trend during the past 100 years.During 1920—1950,the rate of air temperature increase was 0.028℃/a,and it was 0.031℃/a from the 1960's to the present.The increase in temperature was most significant in winter and least in summer.In addition,we found that there was significant correlation between the annual mean temperature anomaly and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation(PDO) index.Furthermore,water temperature increase was consistent with the air temperature,especially in winter.For example,the increase rate from 1962 to 2008 was 0.023℃/a,74% of that in the air.In terms of precipitation,the increase was apparent from 1941 to 1975 and from 1981 and onward,and the rates of annual total precipitation increase were 9.44mm/a and 10.95mm/a,respectively.Accordingly,sea surface salinity showed a decreasing trend since 1981,especially in summer.The rate of salinity decrease was -0.064/a for the annual mean,and -0.131/a in August only.The decreasing trend of salinity in the Jiaozhou Bay was opposite to those in the adjacent seas,such as the Bohai Sea and some area of the Yellow Sea.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目群项目 KZCX2-YW-Q07-01号;; “973”项目 2011CB403601号;; 国家自然科学基金项目 40876083号 40631008号
【CateGory Index】: P732
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