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《Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica》 2013-04
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THE REPRODUCTION ETHOGRAM OF CUTTLEFISH SEPIA PHARAONIS

CHEN Dao-Hai;ZHENG Ya-Long;Zhanjiang Normal University,Round Beibu Gulf Institute for the Protection and Utilization of Marine Animals in Medicine;Zhanjiang Normal University,College of Life Science and Technology;  
In this paper,the reproductive behaviors of cuttlefish Sepia pharaonis were studied with field observation and recording using Digital Video Recorder.The results show that their reproduction ethogram included in swimming,rest,predation,courtship,struggle,mating,and spawning.In the morning and night,cuttlefish of S.pharaonis often swam to find food from the bottom of sea and in the daytime,they sank to the bottom to prey on crustaceans and juvenile fish etc.In addition,they rested in the shadows of concealment.Their mating was a polyandry instead of monogamy.Before mating,they showed complicated courtship behavior,including struggle and confrontation against other males,and chosen females.The mating pattern was "head-to-head".Before long,females spawn in the spawning area in turns.The eggs were white and translucence,and the eggs clustered in botryoidalis.Eggs diameter was 14—16mm,in length of 27—34mm.
【Fund】: 国家星火计划项目 2012GA780020号;; 广东省自然科学基金资助项目 10152404801000013号;; 广东省教育部产学研合作专项 2011B090400274号;; 湛江市科技攻关项目 2011D0244号;; 湛江师范学院重点资助项目 ZL1010号
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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