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《MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE》 2000-02
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Paralytic shellfish toxins in shellfish from Daya Bay and Dapeng Bay

JIANG Tian jiu, YIN Yi wei, LUO Yu min, CHEN Ju feng, QI Yu zao (Institute of Hydrobiology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China)  
The paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxicity levels of scallop Chlamys nobilis and blue mussel Perna viridis , which were collected monthly from four shellfish growing zones in Daya Bay and Dapeng Bay from 1997 to 1999, were determined with the AOAC bioassay method. The results showed that PSP was accumulated in the different levels in the two species and four zones. High toxins levels have been detected in scallop samples from Dongshan station in Daya Bay, from 1 263 to 105 Mu/g tissue for ingest gland, and from 13 4 to 1 7 Mu/g tissue for whole tissue excluded ingest gland, and the levels of whole tissue were from 117 to 7 7 Mu/g tissues during Jan. to Jun. of 1999, the toxin levels of whole samples extremely exceeded the public health safety threshold, but the levels of blue mussel samples from the same station were much less than scallop, from 567 to 1 7 Mu/g tissue and from 14 2 Mu/g tissue to undetected for ingest gland and whole tissue excluded former respectively, the levels of whole tissue were from 72 8 Mu/g to undetectable and the level was only beyond the threshold in Jan. The levels gradually decreased monthly since winter spring season. In Aotao, another samples station in Daya Bay, the levels of two shellfish species were lower than the threshold and undetected for the most mussel samples. The toxins reached maximum levels at the station during May 1998. The low toxin levels were also detected in the shellfish cultured in Dapeng Bay, however toxins have persisted at lower, still exceeding the threshold, in some scallop ingest gland samples, the relationship among the toxin levels and shellfish species, oceanography, seasonal change was discussed.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金!重大项目 ( 39790 1 1 0 )
【CateGory Index】: X174
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