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《Marine Sciences》 2007-09
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The artificial breeding of Siliqua minima

CHAI Xue-liang1,ZHANG Jiong-ming1,FANG Jun1,XIAO Guo-qiang1,ZHANG Yong-pu2,HU Li-hua1,LIN Zhi-hua1 (1.Zhejiang Maricultue Research institute,Wenzhou 325005,China; 2.Wenzhou university,Wenzhou 325027,China)  
The reproducing,larval rearing,settlement and juvenile breeding of clam Siliqua minima were carried out in this paper. The main reproduce period is from the end of April to early May. The matured female individual which shell-length is 3 cm may produce about 100 000 eggs,which diameter is about 60 μm. The zygote developing to D-larva needs 28 hours at salinity of 20,21~22 ℃,pH 7.8. The embryo survival rate and hatching rate are highest at 26 ℃,the difference is not significant in embryo survival rate and hatching rate from salinity of 21 to 36. The larval growth is remarkably affected by temperature. The larvae could not survive at the treatments of 18 ℃ and 30 ℃.The larval survival rate is highest at the temperature of 22 ℃,whereas the larvae grew more slowly at 26 ℃. The larval growth is also significantly affected by salinity. The larvae could obtain the highest survival rate at salinity of 16 ,with the medium growth rate .With the increasing of salinity,the larval survival rate decreased. Isochrysis galbana and Chlorella vulgaris are the suitable diet in early period of pelagic larva.
【Fund】: 浙江省科技厅重点科研项目(021102245);; 温州市科技计划项目(S2004A001)
【CateGory Index】: S968.31
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