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《Marine Sciences》 2011-08
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Effective factors of land subsidence in the Yellow River Delta

LIU Gui-wei1,2,3,HUANG Hai-jun1,2,DU Ting-qin4,BIE Jun2,CHEN Ji-tao5(1.Key Laboratory of Marine Geology and Environment,the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Qingdao 266071,China;2.Institute of Oceanology,the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Qingdao 266071,China;3.Gradute School of the Chinese Acadamy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China;4.Shandong Academy of Environmental Science,Jinan 250013,China;5.Hydrology and Water Resources Bureau of Shandong,Jinan 250010,China)  
The Yellow River Delta with the low terrain has a fragile eco-system.Land subsidence has led to serious seawater intrusion and storm surge disaster.Studying the effective factors of land subsidence in the area is helpful for oil field safety and ecological conservation of wetland.With the 20 meters depth stratum as the boundary,the effective factors of land subsidence in the Yellow River Delta were divided into two catego-ries,shallow and deep.The effective factors like the increased surface load,groundwater and oil exploitation,sediment consolidation,and neotectonics were discussed in this paper.Furthermore,the effects of sea-level rise and earthquake were also studied.Our results showed that sediment consolidation and groundwater ex-ploitation,which dominated different areas subsidence,were the two main factors for land subsidence.The earthquake at 1969 had led to significant land subsidence,and sea-level rise made the subsidence situation more severe.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40676037);; 中国科学院重要方向项目资助(kzcx2-ew-207)
【CateGory Index】: P642.5
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