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《MARINE FISHERRIES RESEACH》 2000-01
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RAPD ANALYSIS OF GENETIC DIVERSITY IN TWO HUANG BO SEA STOCK FAMILIES OF PENAEUS CHINENSIS

Liu Ping,Kong Jie,Shi Tuo,Liu Zhihong,Deng Jingyao,Zhuang Zhimeng(Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute,Qingdao 266071) Xu Huaishu and Han Lingling (College of Marine Life Science, Ocean University of Qingdao,266003)  
Two individual of Penaeus chinensis were caught at the coastal water of Haiyang, Shandong Province in March, 1997. The prawns were cultured seperately. The genetic diversity of Parent prawns and their larvae were detected by RAPD (Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA) technique. The genetic structures of parents and their descendants were studied at molecular level, and genetic diversity between the two families were compared. Results showed that, 16 of the 20 primers of OPG series were obtained to be well duplicated products, and the bands were clear. The molecular weight of the amplified polymorphic fragment ranged from 2 600 to 220 bases. 78 gene loci were detected in family A, and 14 loci of them were polymorphic, amounted to 17.95%. 88 loci were detected in family B. 18 loci of them were polymorphic, amounted to 20.45%. In family A, the genetic distance between the paternal and the descendant was 0.045 0± 0.009 3, the genetic distance between the maternal and the descendant was 0.057 0±0.008 7, the genetic distance between 30 descendants was 0.028 3±0.009 5; In family B, the genetic distance among the paternal and the descendants was 0.052 3±0.012 4, between the maternal and the descendants was 0.064 1±0.013 2, the genetic distance between 28 descendants was 0.034±0.015 5. It can be concluded that, the genetic distance between the descendants was less than that between the parent and the descendants, the genetic variation of the former was lower.F test was studied between the parent and the descendants through genetic distance, the result showed that: F=15.01F 0.001(3,112) =5.8, the differentiations between the parents and their descendants was more significant than the differentiations between the descendants themselves. A fragment related to sexuality was also found in the experiment, the paternal spectrum had a characteristic band of 1 200bp, but not in the maternal.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金!重点项目 ( 3 962 0 2 60 );; “973”项目! ( G19990 12 0 0 7)
【CateGory Index】: Q959.4
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