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《Journal of Hengyang Normal University》 2006-02
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The Aesthetic Spirit of Chinese Classical Garden

CHEN Wang-heng(Philosophy Department of Wuhan University,Wuhan Hubei 430072,China)  
The Chinese garden is a treasure of Chinese culture and somewhat of the essence of Chinese classical aesthetics.It can be regarded as a display material of the spirit of the Chinese classical culture and the Chinese aesthetics.The aesthetic spirit of the Chinese garden can be put as follows: Firstly,the spirit of Chinese garden is a combination of Confucianism and Taoism which values cleanness-elegancy(清雅).The Confucianism is based on two themes.One is family-oriented culture.Another is the value of life.The Chinese garden always creates a strong family-like atmosphere and yet shows the thought of distinction and order that come from the Confucian's etiquette.In general,the spirit of Chinese garden is a combination of Confucianism and Taoism but with more Taoist elements.The garden should be elegant,free from poor taste.It should also be clean,free from worldly affairs.In a word,cleanness-elegance,put together,sets the keynote of the Chinese classical garden.Secondly,a typical Chinese garden is vital-graceful(气韵生动).Grace has become an important aesthetic quality of the Chinese garden.The Chinese garden gives a vivid description of the theory of hiding-showing(隐秀) and keeps a balance between them,a balance between void and reality,finite and infinite,bringing the aesthetic ideal to Tao.Thirdly, the Chinese garden displays varied forms of beauty and resembles a musical world.It is a music-like state but far beyond music and that is the ideal of the Chinese garden.Fourthly,the Chinese garden is a world paradise harmonizing the universe and the man.That harmonize the universe and the man is the up most ideal of Chinese garden and also the basic idea of Chinese philosophy.The idea of garden design is after nature and to regard the nature as the most beautiful.So any practice against nature or ecology is not desirable.The Chinese garden is realistic for its material and ideal for it's spirit.It is the heaven in the world.
【CateGory Index】: TU986.1
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【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Chen Wei (Dept. of Architecture, Beijing 100044);Aesthetical Study on Chinese Classical Garden[J];Journal of Beijing Institute of Civil Engineering and Architecture;2001-01
2 LIU Xue-fang(Literature and Journalism College,Xiangtan University,Xiangtan,Hunan,411105);A Study of the Water-designing Differences between Chinese and Western Classical Gardens from Esthetic Point of View[J];Journal of Hunan University of Arts and Science(Social Science Edition);2007-01
3 KANG Ning-mei (Chinese Department, Huaiyin Teacher's College, Huai'an 2230001, China);A Tentative Study of the Aesthetic Characteristics of the Classical Chinese Gardening[J];Journal of Chenzhou Teachers College;2002-06
4 ZHOU Wuzhong (Department of Tourism, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China);A comparative study on artistic styles of Chinese and western classical garden art style[J];Journal of Southeast University Philosophy and Social Science Edition;2003-06
5 YAO Xu-feng (Humanties College,Shanghai Transportation University,Shanghai 200030,China);"Busy" and "Leisure"——The Bureaucrat Form and The Developing of Garden Drama in The Late Ming Dynasty[J];Journal of Fujian Normal University(Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition);2008-01
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9 Zhao Chunxi Chen Li;The Conclusion on The Aesthetics Verve of Western and Chinese Classic Garden Through The Comparison of Their Classic Aesthetics[J];South Architecture;2006-06
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【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
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