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《Marine Forecasts》 2009-04
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The Indo-Pacific Ocean warm pool and the South China Sea summer monsoon onset

WU Di-sheng,ZHOU Shui-hua,ZHANG juan,YU Sheng-bin,FENG Wei-zhong,ZHANG Wen-jing (South China Sea Marine Prediction Center of SOA,Guangzhou,510300 China)  
In order to explore the impacts of Indo-Pacific Ocean subsurface water temperature on the monsoon over South China Sea,measurements such as Argo profile buoys are used to analyses the impacts of Subsurface Ocean Temperature Anomaly (SOTA) in the Indo-Pacific Ocean Warm Pool on the South China Sea Summer Monsoon. The results show that earlier (or later) onset of the South China Sea Summer Monsoon is the main phenomenon in year when SOTA of the Indo-Pacific Ocean Warm Pool is warmer (or colder) in January. The mechanisms are as follows. If in January SOTA of the Indo-Pacific Ocean Warm Pool is warmer,the Walker Circulations may be enhanced. In May the Western Pacific Subtropical High is weaker,its central position shift northwards and eastwards,and a cyclonic anomaly circulation appears in the lower troposphere over the South China Sea and Western Pacific Ocean,which is helpful for the strengthen of west to southwest lair stream in the lower atmosphere and induces the earlier onset of South China Sea Summer Monsoon. On the contrary,if in January SOTA of the Indo-Pacific Ocean Warm Pool is colder,Walker Circulations may be weakened and Walker Circulation may also move eastwards.Then in May the Western Pacific Subtropical High is stronger,its central position shift southwards and westwards,and an anticyclonic anomaly circulation appears in the lower troposphere over the South China Sea and Western Pacific Ocean,which is detrimental for the strengthen of west to southwest lair stream in the lower atmosphere and induces the later onset of South China Sea Summer Monsoon. The conclusion of this work is:onset of the South China Sea Summer Monsoon becomes earlier (or later) in year when SOTA of the Indo-Pacific Ocean Warm Pool is warmer (or colder) in January.
【Fund】: 2007年度海洋公益性行业科研专项项目(200706022);; 卫星海洋环境动力学国家重点实验室开放研究基金资助项目(SOED0706);; 广东省自然科学基金项目(04102749)
【CateGory Index】: P731.11
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