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《Fire Safety Science》 2007-01
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Studies on the Fuel Distribution Law in Chinese Fir Plantation Ecosystems

DENG Xiang-wen,TIAN Da-lun,KANG Wen-xing,DENG Yu,WU Bin(Research Section of Forest Ecology,Central South University of Forestry & Technology,Changsha,Hunan 410004)  
Based on investigation of biomass in permanent sample plots and sample plots settled in the catchment of the Key National Observation Station—Huitong Ecological Station,the fuel distribution laws were studied by using sample plot and individual trees of the Chinese Fir plantation ecosystem.The natural ability of self thinning was very weak for the Chinese Fir plantation ecosystem,which resulted in an even distribution of the small fuel in the ecosystem.The flammable and burnable material was well continuous distributed from the floor to the crown,and the litter fuel with lower relative moisture content was closed to the ground.The dead leaves and branches fuel loading was approximated to 0.198 t.hm-2 and evenly distributed from 0 to 1.5 m above the ground in the Chinese Fir plantation ecosystem of 11 years old.Therefore,it created favourable conditions for the crown fire and a higher forest fire risk.In consideration of these facts,we made suggestion that: a) it was useful to reinforce pruning of forest to improve the fuel spatial distribution;b) it was useful to reduce the fuel loading to decrease the forest fire risk,and c) it was necessary to take the measures to burn off the dead leaves and branches with artificial factor and prescribed burning in the management of the Chinese Fir plantation ecosystems in the future.
【Fund】: 湖南省教育厅项目(06C888);; 国家科技部重点项目(20021220、2004-252)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: S762
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