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《Journal of Huazhong Agricultural》 1993-03
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EFFECTS OF HEAVY SPIKE FERTILIZER ON YIELD AND NITROGEN NUTRITION IN MIDDLE-SEASON HYBRID RICE

Wang Weijin Xu Zhusheng (Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070) Bao Longqing (Agricultural Department of Hubei Province)  
The physiological basis of fertilizer techniques and efficiency on different rice varieties (combinations) were investigated in a period of eight years. This results were as follows: 1) Compared with conventional fertilizer, heavy spike fertilizer mainly brought about yield difference among large-panicle types, with the middle-season hybrid rice gaining more than the conventional rice varieties in yield. But the yield difference was not obvious in the quantity-panicle type. 2) By placing emphasis on heavy spike fertilizer, the yield of hybrid rice increased by 10~21.5 percent as compared with that of conventional fertilizer. 3) The ineffective tillering ratio of hybrid rice was decreased by heavy spike fertilizer as compared with that of a conventional fertilizer. But the ripened spike ratio, total spikelets and ripened grains per mu were increased. 4) The sizes of LAI increased by 1.2 and the percentage of leaf N content increased by 11~15 percent and the photosynthetic efficiency increased by about 7.0 percent and the dry weight increased by 14.4 percent around the period of heading stages and the milk ripe stages. 5) The uptake ratio of spike fertilizer-N increased by 22.3% and 14.6% as compared with that of the basis fertilizer-N and tillering fertilizer-N. Also the transport ratio of spike fertilizer-N into the spike increased by 9.2% and 11.0%.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金;; 湖北省自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: S511.106.2
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