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《Journal of Huazhong Agricultural》 1993-05
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INHERITANCE AND GENE DOSAGE EFFECTS OF AMYLOSE CONTENT IN INDICA RICE

He Yuqing (Hubei Academy of Agricultural Science, Wuhan 430064) Yu Zhiyun (Guangxi Agricultuzal College, Nanning 530005)  
A 5×5 diallel cross was made between five indica rice varieties (including one waxy variety) which differed in amylose content. The amylose content of single grain was analyzed by the multi-component analysis program of Du-7 spectrophometer. Single grains of parents and F_1's were analyzed to determine the dosage ef- fects of gene responsible for amylose content, and F_2, B_1F_1 and B_2F_1 of seven reciprocal crosses were studied for the inheritance of amylose content. The results are as follows. The mean amylose content of single grain of F_1 was between that of parents in all crosses. The amylose content increased with increase in gene dosage. The first dose and the third dose were able to increase amylose content significantly or very significantly in the F_1 population. The gene dosage effects were also implicated in B_1F_1, B_2F_1 and F_2. High and intermediate amylose content follows the mode of one factor inheritance and partial dominance over waxy or low amylose content, though influence by genes of minor effects or modifiers was also obvious. On the other hand, lower amylose content to low amylose content (i. e., variety Gui63 and Qui6) may be controlled by a single partial dominant gene or polygenes.
【CateGory Index】: S511.103.3
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