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《Journal of Huazhong Agricultural》 2001-05
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Biological Control of Cotton Verticillium Wilt by Antagonistic Bacteria

Li Shezeng 1) Ma Ping 1) Liu Xingzhong 2) H. C. Huang 3) Chen Xinhua 1) ( 1) Instistut of Plant Protection, Hebei Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Baoding 071000,China; 2) Institue of Biological Contro  
Seventeen antagonistic bacteria, isolated from rhizosphere and cotton root, were tested for their antagonism to Verticillium dahliae Kleb through dual culture method. Results showed that all of them more significantly inhibited the growth of V. dahliae at α =0.01 level. Inhibition rates of 15 strains were more than 65% and the highest one reached 89.6%. Control of cotton verticillium wilt by antagonistic bacteria was conducted in growth chamber. Results showed that 10 strains of antagonistic bacteria significantly reduced disease indices of cotton verticillium wilt, compared to CK. Among them, efficacy of control of 4 strains of antagonistic bacteria (ICB?18, NCD?2, CS?25 and CS?27) on cotton verticillium wilt were 72.3%~81.4%,and efficacy of control of 3 strains of antagonistic bacteria (C?94, C?28 and NCD?25) were 55.7%~61.9%. Control of cotton verticillium wilt by these seven strains of antagonistic bacteria was set up in field trial. Results indicated that 1 strain (NCD?2, the efficacy of control was 78.1%) more significantly controlled cotton verticillium wilt ( α =0.01) and 4 strains of bacteria (ICB?18, CS?25, C?94 and C?28 , their efficacy of control were between 37.1% and 47.3%) significantly reduced this disease at α =0.05 level. Preliminary result also demonstrated that antagonistic bacteria could produce some antibiotic substance which significantly inhibited the growth of V. dahliae .
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 (3 9770 5 0 8);; 河北省自然科学基金资助项目 (3 973 0 1);; CIDA资助项目 (#2 82 / 16960 )
【CateGory Index】: S435.621.24
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