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《Journal of China West Normal University(Natural Sciences)》 2011-01
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Comparison of White-bellied Rat Skull Variables between Qinling and Qionglai Mountains and Their Relationship with Body Size

YANG Xue-gui1,ZHANG Ze-jun1,LIU Xin-yu2,MA Yi-sheng2,LI Yun-xi1, WEI Wei1,SUN Yi-ran1,FAN Zhi1,HU Jin-chu1(1.Institute of Rare Animals and Plants,China West Normal University,Nanchong 637002,Sichuan; 2.Foping National Nature Reserve,Foping 723400,Shanxi)  
The study of skull morphology was one of the important parts of zoogeography.This paper analyzed 31 variables of the White-bellied Rat(Niviventer confucianus) skull,and Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze body weight and body length difference of male and female individuals.We found that the populations from two mountains indicated a little differentiation by single-factor analysis of variance(One-Way ANOVA)and Generalized linear models(GLM) showed that only Greatest frontal length(GFL) Interparietal length(IL)Length of lower tooth row(LLTR)Greatest breadth of the occipital condyles(GBO)had significant difference when mountain and sex factor interacted.At the same time correlation analysis(Correlation Analysis) showed that basilar length(BL) had the strongest correlation with body length and body weight,also it was able to reflect the body size best.The study found that there were no significant differences in skull morphology and body size,and when we study the geographic variation of animal population or individual,we should give full consideration to the influence of sex factors.In addition,one or more variables could be used to reflect the body size indirectly.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(30670305 30970382);; 四川省青年科技基金资助项目(07ZQ026-017)
【CateGory Index】: Q954.542
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