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《Chemical Engineering》 2006-09
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Technique of dyeing in supercritical CO_2

ZHENG Lai-jiu~1,LIU Zhi-wei~1,JI Ting~1,JIANG Tao~2,LI An-yuan~2,Guo You-cai~2(1.College of Textile and Light Industry,Dalian Institute of Light Industry,Dalian 116034,Liaoning Province,China;2.Guangming Research & Design Institute of Chemical Industry,Dalian 116031,Liaoning Province,China)  
The technique for dyeing in supercritical CO_2 was studied.The water-free dyeing facility with automatic computer control was designed based on supercritical CO_2 characteristics.The basic structure and operating principle of the facility were elucidated.The fabrics were dyed with disperse dyeing under supercritical CO_2,and the results of modifying and dyeing were measured by electronic scanning microscopy and infrared spectrometric analyzer.The dyeing parameters such as pressure,temperature and CO_2 flux were analyzed,which influenced the dyeing to a large extent.The modification on fabrics improves the rate of dye-uptake and the degree of homogeneity.The better dyeing effect can be achieved by controlling reasonably the dyeing pressure,temperature and CO_2 flux.
【Fund】: 辽宁省科技厅科技攻关项目(2004223002);; 辽宁省教育厅科技攻关项目(2004D053);; 中国纺织工业总会资助项目(2004012)
【CateGory Index】: TS193.5
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