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《Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention》 2015-06
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A comparative study on child negligence between urban and rural pupils

HUO Ting-ting;WANG Jia-qi;ZHOU Xian-jun;ZHANG Yi-sheng;ZHU Li-ling;Staff Room of Preventive Medicine of Academy of Public Health of Jiamusi University;Staff Room of General Studies of Economic and Technical Schools in Hainan;  
Objective To compare the negligence state of urban and rural pupils in Jiamusi and provide a base for taking scientific intervention measures.Methods 2 489 pupils were randomly sampled from Jiamusi by stratified cluster sampling.They were investigated by Evaluation Questionnaire of Child Negligence of Urban Pupils and Evaluation Questionnaire of Child Neglect of Rural Pupils in China.SPSS 19.0 was employed for statistical analysis.Results The neglect frequency and degree were 37.01%,52.56% and( 42.97 ± 7.59),( 48.01 ± 8.69) for pupils grade 1-3 and 25.71%,53.25% and( 43.62 ± 8.97),( 47.15 ± 9.92) for pupils aged grade 4-6.The average neglect frequency( 1-3 grade:χ2= 25.66,P 0.001,4-6 grade:χ2= 100.81,P 0.001) and degree( 1-3 grade:t =-9.58,P 0.001,4-6 grade:t =-6.77,P 0.001) of rural pupil were higher than those in the urban.The neglect frequency( 1-3 grade:χ2= 8.38,P = 0.004,4-6 grade:χ2= 69.79,P 0.001) and degree( 1-3 grade:t =-7.12,P 0.001,4-6 grade:t =-3.69,P 0.001) of boys in the rural were higher than those in the urban.And the neglect frequency( 1-3 grade:χ2= 20.09,P 0.001,4-6 grade:χ2= 56.59,P 0.001) and degree( 1-3 grade:t =-9.12,P 0.001,4-6 grade:t =-6.02,P 0.001) of girls in the rural were higher than those in the urban.The neglect frequency of boys in the rural were higher than the boys in the urban in all types of negligence.Except emotion types in 1-3 grade,the girls' neglect degree were higher in the rural in all types of neglect except medical types in 4-6 grade.Conclusions Neglect degree and frequency of pupils aged 6-11 in urban city of Jiamusi are high.More attention should be paid to children,especially to pupils in rural areas to prevent child neglect.
【Fund】: 黑龙江省教育厅项目(12541806);; 佳木斯大学研究生科技创新项目(LZZ2014-034)
【CateGory Index】: R179
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