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《Power System Protection and Control》 2013-02
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The development of protection intellectualization and smart relay network

BO Zhi-qian1,ZHANG Bao-hui2,DONG Xin-zhou3,HE Jing-han4,LIN Xiang-ning5,ZENG Xiang-jun6,LI Bin7(1.Smart Grid Research Institute of SGCC,Beijing 100052,China;2.School of Electrical Engineering,Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an 710049,China;3.Department of Electrical Engineering,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084,China;4.School of Electrical Engineering,Beijing Jiaotong University,Beijing 100044,China;5.College of Electrical & Electronic Engineering,Huazhong University of Science and Technology,Wuhan 430074,China;6.Changsha University of Science and Technology,Changsha 410004,China;7.School of Electrical Engineering & Automation,Tianjin University,Tianjin 300072,China)  
This paper firstly reviews the recent development in power system protection,with special attention paid to the transient based,wide-area and integrated protection,in order to look into future development of smart relaying protection for smart grids.Taking into account the demand and feature of development of smart grids,this paper mainly introduces current research on smart relaying protection in China.The paper further presents a transient based integrated wide area protection scheme,which outlines the advantages of future smart relaying protection.In the proposed protection scheme,the integrated protection relay incorporating a number of transient based protection algorithms running in parallel is installed at each substation in the protected network area and is responsible for the protection of all the power lines associated with the substation.Each relay communicates with neighboring relays at the remote ends of the associated line section to form an area relay network.A centralised wide area protection device with specially designed protection algorithms is responsible for the backup protection of the entire network through advanced communication with each integrated relay at different substation in the area.Protection algorithms within each integrated relay are divided into two types:these relays on the measurement of local information alone and these require remote information.When a fault occurs on the network,the protection algorithms based on local information alone is able to determine whether it is on its protected line section;the algorithms based on remote information will sent the locally derived information to the remote relays and the wide area protection device and receive information from the remote relays,comparison between the remote and local information will determine whether the fault is within its protected zone.The wide area protection device is also able to determine the actual fault location through the comparison of the information from all the integrated relays within the protected network and issues trip command to associated substations to isolate the faulted section.
【CateGory Index】: TM58
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