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《Modern Chinese History Studies》 2001-05
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A Study of Agricultural Production and Output,1927-1937

Liu Kexiang  
In the period from 1927 to 1937, because of problems accumulated over the years, China's ecology and conditions of agricultural production were getting worse and worse.Moreover,as the Great Powers passed on their economic crisis, as Japan occupied Manchuria, and since the Guomindang government had no clear and effective agricultural policy or measures ,the agricultural situation be- came even more grave. In 1932,an agricultural panic broke out ,finally leading to the bankruptcy of agriculture and the rural economy.In 1935, agriculture be- gan to recover,but by the outbreak of the Resistance War against Japan in 1937, it had still not regained pre-panic levels.Agriculture suffered great losses because of frequent natural disasters. Harvests were not stable, and per-acre output fluc- tuated, but always at lower levels than an "ordinary year". Form 1931 to 1937, change in agricultural output shows a clear saddle shape,with the saddle bottom in 1932, not 1936 as is usually claimed. The per capita supply of grain also fell. It was not only much lower than early Qing levels,but also almost 10% below the levels of the 1920s. None of this can prove that agricultural production developed significantly during the period of the Guomindang government.
【CateGory Index】: F329
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