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《Modern Chinese History Studies》 2006-05
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A Re-Examination of Several Issues Concerning the Constitutional Government Movement during the Resistance War against Japan

Wen Liming  
The constitutional government movement during the Resistance War against Japan was an important part of the modern Chinese effort to democratize politics.Academics have published many articles and books on the subject.However,some problems directly related to the constitutional government movement seem to have not been adequately stressed,or are in need of further study.This article re-analyzes and compares the actual driving factors,different objectives and visible results of the two constitutional government movements in 1939 and 1943,and accordingly presents my own views on current studies of the constitutional government movement:First,the seven motions which hitherto have been regarded in academic circles as the origins of the first constitutional government movement were in fact not the first proposals for implementing constitutional government put forward during the National Participating Conference.Rather,it was the discussion of these seven motions as a unit that provided the spark to set off the constitutional government movement,which was already an inevitability.Second,although the achievements of the first constitutional government movement included promoting constitutional ideology and spreading the idea of constitutional government,its only tangible result was the “recommended draft constitution” which embodied the Western parliamentary model.Third,although the second constitutional government movement was indeed the successor of the united government movement,nevertheless it not only had an independent existence,but also achieved three positive results of its own.The second movement must be given recognition and an objective assessment.Future research in this area should give more attention to these three issues,for they have implications for the integrity of the constitutional government movement during the Resistance War against Japan.
【CateGory Index】: K265
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