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《Modern Chinese History Studies》 2007-04
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Quarantine,Race and Politics in the International Settlement:Clashes between Chinese and Foreigners after the Outbreak of Plague in Shanghai in 1910

Hu Cheng  
In the early October of 1910,plague cases were discovered in the Shanghai International Settlement.Since the "unsanitary" Chinese were regarded as a seedbed for the spread of the plague,the Shanghai Municipal Council implemented quarantine regulations with obvious race prejudices.This led to a sudden strain in the relationship between Chinese and foreigners,resulting in several street riots by working-class Chinese.In order to prevent the further deterioration of the situation,the elite Chinese proposed to quarantine themselves voluntarily.They coordinated and negotiated with the foreigners,and at the same time tried to persuade ordinary Chinese people to protest peacefully,and in the end foreigners were forced to make a concession.In the following process of quarantine and treatment,the elite Chinese were scrupulous and ordinary Chinese were cooperative.All of this made the foreigners look at Chinese with new eyes,and it also enhanced Chinese people's confidence to participate in political affairs in the Shanghai International Settlement.Judging from the chain reaction set in motion by the event,and its successive development,this Chinese protest through demanding voluntary quarantine should be regarded as an important link in the chain that gradually eroded the power of Britain in the Shanghai International Settlement.
【CateGory Index】: K258
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【References】
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【Co-citations】
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1 HU Cheng;Disputes over Sovereignty during the Pneumonic Plague in Manchuria (1910.11-1911.4)[J];Chinese Social History Review;2008-00
2 ZHANG Hui-chao, College of Information and Archives, Yunnan University,Kunming China 650091);Comparison Between China and Foreign Countries For Foreigners to Consult the files[J];Archives of Shanxi;2004-02
3 Wu Hongyu;Mixed Institutional Change Mode Guided By Rural Grass-root Organization——A Case-study of Nanling Village[J];China Rural Survey;2004-02
【Co-references】
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1 SUN Qian;Urtan Planning, Its Institutional Background and the Urban Space Morphology in Modem Shanghai[J];Urban Planning Forum;2006-06
2 QIAN Zonghao;Town Planning of Early Shanghai(1845-1864)[J];Urban Planning Forum;2007-01
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5 Du Lihong;The Reform of Waste Disposal Management in Beiping City in the 1930’s[J];Modern Chinese History Studies;2005-05
6 Liu Haiyan;Tianjin's Water Supply and the Evolution of Urban Life in the Early 20~(th) Century[J];Modern Chinese History Studies;2008-01
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1 ;The Initiation of Public Health Undertakings in Modern Guangzhou[J];History Teaching;2010-01
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