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《中国科学 地球科学(英文版)》 2014-09
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Variations of shear wave splitting in the 2013 Lushan Ms7.0 earthquake region

CHANG LiJun;DING ZhiFeng;WANG ChunYong;Key Laboratory of Seismic Observation and Geophysical Imaging,Institute of Geophysics,China Earthquake Administration;  
In this paper, variations of shear wave splitting in the 2013 Lushan Ms7.0 earthquake sequence were studied. By analyzing shear wave particle motion of local events in the shear wave window, the fast polarization directions and the delay time between fast and slow shear waves were derived from seismic recordings at eight stations on the southern segment of the Longmenshan fault zone. In the study region, the fast polarization directions show partition characteristics from south to north. And the systematic changes of the time delays between two split shear waves were also observed. As for spatial distribution, the NE fast polarization directions are consistent with the Longmenshan fault strike in the south of focal region, whereas the NW fast direction is parallel to the direction of regional principal compressive stress in the north of focal region. Stations BAX and TQU are respectively located on the Central and Front-range faults, and because of the direct influence of these faults, the fast directions at both stations show particularity. In time domain, after the main shock, the delay times at stations increased rapidly, and decreased after a period of time. Shear-wave splitting was caused mostly by stress-aligned microcracks in rock below the stations. The results demonstrate changes of local stress field during the main shock and the aftershocks. The stress on the Lushan Ms7.0 earthquake region increased after the main shock, with the stress release caused by the aftershocks and the stress reduced in the late stage.
【Fund】: supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 40904023 41274063 and 41174070);; Scientific Investigation of April 20 2013 M7.0 Sichuan Lushan Earthquake
【CateGory Index】: P315.2
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