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《CHINESE JOURNAL OF POLAR RESEARCH》 1999-04
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THE ARCTIC SEA ICE,CLIMATE AND ITS RELATION WITH GLOBAL CLIMATE SYSTEM

Kang Jiancheng,Yan Qide,Sun Bo,Wen Jiahong and Wang Dali(Polar Research Institute of China, Shanghai 200129, China) Sun Junyin (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China) [WT4”BZ]Men Guanglin [WT6BZ](Institute of Mar  
The Arctic sea ice distribution, thickness variation, surface characteristics and snow cover variation as well as the climatology and its regional differentiating are discussed according to previous research results and our observation in the Arctic Ocean, August 1999. A comparison of sea ice between Arctic and Antarctic areas is conducted. It can be found that, the climate trend in Arctic Ocean is different from the areas around the ocean. This is mainly due to alternate distribution of ice floes and open water in Arctic Ocean in summer, the drifting, melting and absorbing heat of sea ice, which balance the temperature fluctuation around.
【Fund】: 中国首次北极科学考察资助项目;; 国家科委 95攻关课题!(编号 98-92 7-0 1 -0 5);; 中国科学院 95重大项目A!(编号 KZ951 -A1 -2 0 5);;
【CateGory Index】: P461.6
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