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《Open Education Research》 2012-01
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From Digital to Smart: The Evolution and Trends of Learning Environment

HUANG Ronghuai,YANG Junfeng & HU Yongbin(Faculty of Education,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China)  
The construction of learning environment is the foundation to reform teaching and learning.After analyzing the development of social informatization and learning environments,we propose the concept of "smart" learning environment,which is the high level of digital environment and can support "easy,engaged and effective" learning.Learning resources,learning tools,learning communities,teaching communities,ways to learn and to teach are the six aspects that smart differs from traditional learning environment.We propose a system model and the TRACE3 functional model of "smart" learning environment,and analyze the ICT support for "smart" learning environment from artificial intelligence,sensor technology,and communication technology.The last part of the article describes the characteristics of five classical "smart" environments.
【Fund】: 北京市教育科学“十一五”规划2010年度重大课题“学生网络生活方式的现状调查与对策研究”(编号:MAA10001);; “中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金”项目北京师范大学自主科研重大课题“电子教材(e-Textbook)的开发技术及其教学适用性研究”成果之一
【CateGory Index】: G434
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