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《Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army》 2005-01
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Terror attack and strategy of emergency medical support

Wang Dewen. Institute of Radiation Medicine, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing 100850, ChinaLiu Yao. The Second Institute, Ministry of Public Security, Beijing 100038, China  
Terror attack, a social menace of mankind, has spread and become more violent worldwide in recent years. In this paper, we elucidate the definition and classification of terror attacks. According to the means of terror attack, it can be divided into five types, namely nuclear, chemical, biological, explosive and hijack terror attack. Terror attack also could be divided into six types according to the ideology of the terrorists, that are religious extremism, nationalistic extremism, heretical religion, underworld extremist, extreme rightist, and extreme leftist terror attack. Besides that, according to its scope, terror attacks can be categorized into three types, such as cliquish type, national type and crossborder type. The characteristics of terror attacks are the brutality of its means, the furtiveness of its action, the catastrophic nature of its effect, the uncertainty of the time and site of the attack, and the complexity and severity of the resulted injuries. The countermeasures and principles of emergency medical support for the terror attack are as follows: to establish a high-efficient medical support command organization, to refine the medical support counterplan, to establish relief system and aid base, to strengthen antiterrorism training and to pay more attention to the prevention of the psychological chaos. In the course of search and treatment of the wounded and when dealing with problems arising from the terror attack, the principle that people is most important should be abided.
【Fund】: 国家“十五”重点课题
【CateGory Index】: R826.0
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