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《Chinese Journal of Family Planning》 2009-12
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Analysis of Risk Factors Associated with the Occurrence of Birth Defects in Qingdao

Qi Qiwei,Wan Jiahua, Chang Yunfei,et al. Qingdao Research Institute for Family Planning,Qingdao 266071  
Objective:To investigate the risk factors associated with the occurrence of birth defects in order to provide basis for working out the measures for birth defect prevention. Methods: Three hundred and fifty-eight children suffered from birth defects defined as the top 5 morbidity by monitored between 2003 and 2005 in Qingdao and 716 children without birth defects were allocated in the birth defect group and the control group respectively. Results: Compared with the control group,the risk of birth defects showed significantly higher in the birth defect group when the following factors existed independently or coexisted: family history,history of abnormal pregnancy and labor,husbands'cigarette smoking and alcoholism,wives'passive smoking,exposure to radiation,as well as suffering from fever and polyhydramnions,taking medicine during pregnancy ( P all 0.01). There were negative correlations between the risk of birth defects and family income as well as the maternal nutrition during pregnancy. Conclusion: The propaganda and education associated with birth defects should be conducted through various channels,at different levels and in diversified forms,so as to implement the active prevention for birth defect in every family preparing for pregnancy.
【Fund】: 青岛市科技局课题(编号:04-2-NY-48)
【CateGory Index】: R174
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