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《Journal of Civil,Architectural & Environmental Engineering》 2009-02
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Damage Evolution and Acoustic Emission Character of Coalrock under Unloading Condition

LIU Bao-xian1,2,LI Dong-kai1,ZHAO Bao-yun1 (1.School of Architecture and Civil Engineering,Xihua University,Chengdu 610039,P.R.China;2.Key Laboratory for the Exploitation of Southwestern Resources & the Environmental Disaster Control Engineering Under the Ministry of Education,Chongqing University,Chongqing 400030,P.R.China)  
The damage failure mechanisms of coalrock under unloading condition during deep mining is different from those under traditional loading condition,starting from the unloading condition position to study the dynamic disaster of coalrock has become a new direction in the disaster study.The rock mechanics electrohydraulic servo test system(MTS815) and acoustic emission system(8CHS PCI-2) are used to study the coalrock deformation damage and acoustic emission(AE) characteristics.The results show that the failure of coalrock under unloading condition exhibits strong brittleness and happens in sudden and is mostly of tensile-shear failure type.The evolution curve of cumulative ring-down count of acoustic emission can better reflect the coalrock unloading damage evolution process,and the whole unloading failure process can be divided into three stages: the stage of damage weakening,damage stably development stage and the stage of accelerated damage development.During the mining process the confining pressure of the coalrock is unloaded,the coalrock rapidly arrives at the third stage of the whole unloading failure process,and the damage is accumulated rapidly and the fracture failure of coalrok occurred suddenly,then follows the coalrock dynamic disaster.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(50504011)
【CateGory Index】: TD313
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