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《Business Management Journal》 2019-11
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The Effect of Urban Public Services on Permanent Migration Intention of Floating Population

LIU Jin-feng;WEI Hou-kai;University (Graduate School) of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences;Rural Development Institute, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences;  
China's floating population mobility model has changed from labor mobility to family mobility, entering second process of migration that is labor workers and their families migrate permanently. The income gap between urban and rural areas and between cities is the main reason for the first process of labor mobility. In the second process of migration, public services have become an important factor affecting the permanent migration of family. Therefore, in the context of China's floating population entering second process of migration, this paper studies the effect of urban public services on the permanent migration intention of floating population and further investigates the heterogeneity based on the matching data of China Migrants Dynamic Survey in 2017 and 289 cities.This study finds that urban public services have significantly positive effect on permanent migration intention of floating population. Further, the group heterogeneity test indicates that urban public services have stronger impact on urban floating population permanent migration intention than rural floating population. Compared with rural floating population, urban floating population has stronger ability to realize family migration and attaches more importance to urban public services, so urban floating population has stronger demand for urban public services and stronger intention of permanent migration. Within the group of rural floating population, urban public services have stronger impact on first-generation's permanent migration intention than second-generation. Compared with the second generation of rural floating population, the first generation flow into city for a longer time and have a higher degree of family migration. Thus the first generation of rural floating population has greater demand for public services and stronger intention to migrate permanently. The individual heterogeneity test suggests that individual with higher educational years, longer flow time, higher income, owning houses and flowing with family have greater demand for public services and stronger permanent migration intention.According to conclusion of this study, urban public services have a significant positive effect on permanent migration intention of floating population. However, China cities' public services differ greatly in quantity and quality. China's high-quality public services are highly concentrated in big cities, while public services in small and medium-sized cities are lack and low quality. The gap in the quantity and quality of public services between cities has become an important factor for the floating population to migrate into big cities. Due to data limitations, this study does not consider county-level cities and towns. In fact, their public services gap is even larger. The policy implication of this study is that the equalization of public services between cities can alleviate the trend of population flowing into large cities, and thus curb the polarization of urban scale in the urbanization process. In order to promote the coordinated development of cities, and guide population migrate into small and medium-sized cities and small towns, the key is to improve public services in small and medium-sized cities and small towns. So small and medium-sized city's government should further optimize the structure of public financial expenditure and increase investment in public services. The central and provincial governments should increase the transfer payments for public services in small and medium-sized cities and small towns, especially for basic education and public health care related to people's livelihood. Finally,according to the advantages of different sizes cities in city group, the government should deepen the functional division of cities by guiding large city's industries, factors and population to small and medium-sized cities and small towns, and thus improve public service supply capacity of small and medium-sized cities and small towns by promoting the economic development.
【CateGory Index】: D631.42;F299.2
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