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《ECONOMIC RESEARCH JOURNAL》 2000-02
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The Impact of the Structure of China's Industrial Enterprise's Ownership on Its Efficiency

Liu Xiaoxuan  
This paper is based on the data of the third national census of China in 1995.More than 20 industries with the competition characteristics,including 170000 enterprises from 50000 enterprises as a whole are selected to measure and compare their efficiency.In the main analysis the production function model and OLS methods were adopted to measure the impacts of the ownership and the subordinated relations on the enterprise efficiency.In the comparison of different types of ownership it was found that the private enterprises have highest efficiency,sino foreign joint venture, foreign funded cooperative and solely foreign owned enterprises are the second with regard to efficiency,share holding and collective enterprises occupies the third place, and the state owned enterprises are the lowest in this respect.It was also found through the comparison of different types of subordinated relations that the non state owned enterprises with a lower hierarchy are more efficienct than the state owned enterprises with a higher hierarchy,as a result, the latter has lost their scale advantages.Therefore,the traditional hierarchy system plays the negative roles in the development of the enterprises in China.
【CateGory Index】: F421
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