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《Economic Research Journal》 2003-01
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The High Equilibrium Trap——The Needham Paradox Revisited

Yao Yang (CCER,Peking University)  
This paper studies the Needham Paradox in a dynamic general equilibrium model.It shows that the drastic difference between the population-resource endowments of China and Western Europe is the key factor that drives the civilization diversification between those two regions.This theory is consistent with Mark Elvin's ‘high equilibrium trap’theory.However,it improves on Elvin's theory by correcting its inconsistencies and identifying two key factors,scale economies in the industrial sector and Malthusian population growth.they are necessary to created the ‘high equilibrium trap’.
【CateGory Index】: F061.3
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