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《Economic Research Journal》 2004-03
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A Study on the Measurement of Service Industry and Related Issues in China

Xu Xianchun (National Bureau of Statistics)  
This paper describes the scope of China's service industry and the revision of the classification of services for production measurement, and discusses the problems in its measurement. The paper also proposes some measures which National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) of China will adopt in its accounting practice.In China's GDP measurement, the service industry refers to all industries apart from agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, and fishing, mining and quarrying, manufacturing, production and supply of electricity, water and gas, and construction.China started GDP estimation in 1985. Subsequently the NBS adjusted the corresponding classification of services for production measurement in accordance with the Industrial Classification and Its Codes in National Economy in 1994. The paper describes such adjustment as well.Since China adopted MPS for a long period of time in the past and the history of measurement for service industry is comparatively short, there are many weaknesses in services estimation. The paper discusses the problems which exist in the measurement of services at current prices or constant prices, such as the gaps of the data sources, the problems in the measurement of real estate, the treatment of computer software, and the price indices of service industry, etc.NBS will adopt some measures to improve the service industry measurement, including establishing periodic economic census system and regular sample survey system, improving measurement of real estate and so on. This paper presents some of the major considerations.
【Fund】: 福特基金会公共政策研究 (项目批准号 :16 91310 7);; 国家自然科学基金 (项目批准号 :70 2 730 5 8)的资助
【CateGory Index】: F719
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