The Coordination of Industrial Growth with Environment and Resource
Tu Zhengge(School of Economics, Huazhong Normal University)
To resolve the environmental problem of China, we must proceed from reality and consider the industrial growth, resource conservation and environmental protection comprehensively. The paper calculates local efficiency of environmental technology to evaluate the coordination of environment and industrial growth and makes regressive analysis on the difference of environmental technological efficiency based on the data of inputs of elements and resources, industrial outputs and emissions of our 30 provinces, cities and areas. The study finds that: (1) the inter-regional coordination of the environment and industry is highly unbalanced. The industrial development and environment of eastern coastal areas coordinate better. However, the environmental technological efficiency of the central and western regions is poorer, and the relationship between industry and environment of five regions, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Guangxi, Gansu and Ningxia, is seriously unbalanced. (2) to achieve the coordinated development of environment and industry, we must accelerate the pace of upgrading of the industrial economic structure, deepen the reform of the structure of property rights, and promote the collective development of enterprises; we must develop independent RD and increase the introduction and investment of technology, strengthen the management of funds of the technological transformation of state-owned enterprises and improve their efficiency in use; we must encourage foreign direct investment and restrict the access of the industries of high pollution and high energy consumption at the same time. In short, only if we develop in a comprehensive, coordinated and balanced way, may we really solve the environmental problems and realize the "Sound and Rapid Development" of national economy.