Energy Consumption,CO_2 Emission and Sustainable Development in Chinese Industry
Chen Shiyi(China Center for Economic Studies, Fudan University)
To analyze China industrial sustainable development constrained by energy and environment, this paper constructs the input and output panel data of China's 38 sub-industries, estimates their productivity and carries out the green growth accounting based on translog production function. This paper concludes that, as a whole, China industry has achieved the transformation from extensive to intensive growth, with the productivity to be the first driving force, that is necessary to sustainable development in the long run. In addition to technical progress, energy and capital have also been driving the industrial growth during the sample period, while labor and emission made less even negative contribution to it. Some heavy industries, however, are still characterized by extensive growth and must improve their energy-save and emission-abate technology to favor the sustainable development of overall Chinese industry.