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An Analysis of the Personality Characteristics of Impoverished College Students and the Study of the Education Approaches.

Kong Desheng,Yang Xiaomei.School of Power and Nuclear Energy Engineering of Harbin Engineering University 150001,P.R.China  
Objective To discuss the personality characteristics and educational countermeasure of the impoverished college students.Methods Using four self-edit checklist and two ready-made checklist,the author had a test including T-test,logistic regress analysis,clustering analysis and typical interrelated analysis which aims to the 747 impoverished college students and 903 non-impoverished college students of 11 colleges in China.Results In the personality test,there is remarkable difference in inferiority,angst,motivation of accomplishment,excitability,venture,suspicion,introversion and extroversion,grown-up in new environment,domination,illusion,sophistication,self-discipline and the level of mental health between the impoverished and non-impoverished college students (P0.05);in the formation cause of personality test,there is remarkable difference in economic level,stature and appearance and avocation between the impoverished and non-impoverished college students(P 0.01 );in the test of personality type,except of intelligence,illusion and experimentation,the other factors are all attain the remarkable level(P0.05);in the test of education countermeasure of the impoverished college students,taking a part-time job,scholarship,team activity,assistance from friends and classmates and foreground of graduation assignment are all attain the remarkable level (P0.05).Conclusion ①The personality characteristics of ICS inferiority complex and high motivation of accomplishment;②There are 5 types of ICS.They are self-encourage,self-confident,inferiority-fighting,inferiority-struggling,self-abandoning;③In the factors for the personality development of ICS,economic factor is main;④There are many educational approaches of ICS containing mental assisting ,educating in how to succeed in an unfavorable situation,taking a part-time job ,loan,and grant etc.
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