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《Jilin University Journal Social Sciences Edition》 2001-03
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Social Structure and the Shifting of Social Strata in Russian Empire Period

Zhang Guangxiang (Center for North east Asian Studies, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130012)  
There was not hierachy in the principality of Moscow before the Code(1649) regarded as one line of demarcation was made, and it was established fundamentally in the late of 18th century. After the Great Reform in the 1860s,grades which were gradually losing privileges came to be identical with each other in the legal status and developped towards classes and professional groups . By1917,however,grades had not yet become classes completely. During the period of Russia Empire social structure of population changed at a fatally slow speed. Scale of shifting between strata was about one tenth in each generation that was small before the year of 1861. Peasants and Monks were usually resources supplementing other strata.
【CateGory Index】: K512.34
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