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《Jilin University Journal Social Sciences Edition》 2019-02
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The Tone Evolution of Ancient Voiceless Falling Tone Words in Beijing Mandarin,Northeast Mandarin,and Bao-Tang Subgroup of Jilu Mandarin

ZHANG Shu-zheng;  
It is a common feature shared by Beijing Mandarin,Northeast Mandarin and Bao-tang subgroup of Jilu Mandarin that the ancient voiceless falling tone words in these areas all evolved into the four tones.Previous research on this tone evolution mainly focuses on Beijing Mandarin,and there is an absence of a comprehensive contrast of the three dialects,not to mention a complete study of their differences.This paper starts with grouping the words with ancient voiceless falling tone according to their present tones and finds some rules of their changes.Those evolving into even-going and falling-rising tones are usually common spoken words while those evolving into rising and dipping tones are usually common written words.Most of the common spoken words are even-going tone,among which most are verbs and some are nouns.The falling-rising tone words are fewer than a half of the even-going,and most of them are nouns.Based on this fact we conclude that in the three areas the even-going tone evolution happened earlier than that of falling-rising tone.As far as the common written words are concerned,the rising tone evolution happened earlier and the evolution into dipping tone appeared after the Ming Dynasty.Zhou De-qing,the author of Zhongyuan Yinyun,had a different opinion that the ancient voiceless falling tone words evolved into only falling-rising tone,mainly because the phonetics data he investigated came from the central area of China and he made the description accordingly in the rhythm dictionary.
【Fund】: 中国语言资源保护工程项目(YB1814A001)
【CateGory Index】: H172.1
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