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《Nonwood Forest Research》 2013-01
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Effects of different irrigation amount on growth and fruiting in Lvling walnut

ZHANG Xue-mei1,2,MA Hua-bing1,LI Bao-guo1,2,GUO Su-ping1,2,QI Guo-hui1,2(1.College of Forestry,Agricultural University of Hebei,Baoding 071000,Hebei,China;2.Hebei Province Engineering Technology Research Center,Xingtai 054000,Hebei,China)  
In order to research the law of water demand of Lvling walnut at different growth period,and plan some rational measures,taking ten-year-old Lvling walnut as materials,effects of different irrigation amount on growth and fruiting were studied,and the four levels of irrigation treatments(Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ,Ⅳ) were 30,40,50 and 60 kg per tree every time respectively.The results show that at leaf expansion stage,pollen dispersal stage,initial flowering stage of female flowers,fruit setting stage,physiological fruit dropping stage and fruit rapid growing stage,increments of new shoot in treatment Ⅰ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ have no significantly difference,growth trends are basically consistent.Length of new shoots in treatment Ⅳ is significantly higher than that of the other treatments from initial flowering stage of female flowers to fruit rapid-growing stage.New shoot stops growing on May 7th,lengths of new shoots in the four treatments are 10.41,10.72,10.72 and 12.76 cm respectively.That in treatment Ⅳ as the maximum value is significantly higher than that in the other treatments,and there are no significant differences between the other treatments.Photosynthetic rates in the four treatments are respectively 3.95,3.82,4.36,2.99 μmol.m-2s-1,and that in treatment Ⅲ as the maximum is very significantly higher than that of treatment Ⅳ and significantly higher than that of treatment Ⅰ and Ⅱ.Leaf area index in the four treatments are 2.1,2.4,2.7 and 2.3 respectively,and that in treatment Ⅲ as the maximum is significantly higher than that of treatment Ⅰ.Fruit setting rate in the four treatments are 71.73%,78.20%,76.73% and 82.1% respectively,that in treatment Ⅳ as the maximum is very significantly higher than that in treatment Ⅰ.
【Fund】: 河北省科技支撑计划项目(11230115D)
【CateGory Index】: S664.1
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