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《Journal of Jinan University(Natural Science & Medicine Edition)》 2013-06
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Clinical research on correlation between periodontal diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus

WANG Jieqi;LEI Lei;LU Jiajian;LIAN Chuwen;XU Jingjing;Department of Stomatology,Medical College,Jinan University;  
Aim:To explore the relationship between the blood glucose level as well as the disease of course in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and periodontal diseases. Methods: The questionnaire survey and clinical examination were used to investigate 174 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and control group. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were divided into two groups according to the blood glucose level to analyze the correlation between the blood glucose control situation and gingivitis or periodontitis. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were divided into four groups according to the course of disease to analyze the correlation between the course of type 2 diabetes mellitus and gingivitis or periodontitis. Results: The prevalence of gingivitis or periodontitis with type 2 diabetes mellitus group(59. 8%) is higher than that of control group(32. 3%),which is significant difference between the two groups(P 0. 05). The prevalence of gingivitis or periodontitis with poorly-controlled blood glucose group(73. 5%) is higher than the well-controlled group(42. 1%)(P 0. 05). There is also significant difference among 4 groups of different courses of disease in the prevalence of gingivitis or periodontitis respectively(P 0. 05). Conclusion:The type 2 diabetes mellitus is closely related to the periodontal disease,and there is a correlation between the blood glucose control situation as well as the course of disease and the prevalence of gingivitis or periodontitis.
【Fund】: 暨南大学本科创新工程基金项目(cx08108)
【CateGory Index】: R781.4;R587.1
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