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《Acta Anatomica Sinica》 1980-04
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THE SEGMENTAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE AFFERENT NERVES OF THE URINARY BLADDER IN THE RABBIT A STUDY WITH THE HORSERADISH PEROXIDASE METHOD

Li Jishuo;Li Huimin;Yi Guozhu;Qin Bingzhi The Fourth Army Medical College  
Thirteen young rabbits of about 0.5 kg body weight were used.To each animal 200μl of 1.0% horseradish peroxidase(Sigma Type Ⅵ)solution was injected into the upper, or the middle,or the lower region of the bladder wall unilaterally.After a survival time of 2 days,the animal was sacrificed,and the spinal ganglia on the injection side were treated according to Mesulam's method.The distribution of the HRP labeled cells were examined under microscope,and the results were as follows: 1.Using HRP solution with a concentration as low as 1.0%,we could find clearly labeled cells appearing in the spinal ganglia on the injection side from Th-9 to Co-1, of which ganglia S-3,4,5 were the segments where the labeled cells were most numerous, and ganglia L-3,4,5 next.This fact shows that the afferent fibers of the bladder enter the spinal cord by two routes,i.e.,parasympathetic and sympathetic,and that the cells of the afferent fibers are diffusely distributed,while at the same time concentrated in certain segments. 2.In ganglia S-3,4,5 and L-3,4,5 where the labeled cells were most and next most numerous,80% of the labeled cells were in the former,whereas 20% in the latter, indicating that the afferent route via the pelvic nerve is predominant over the sympa- thetic.In this respect the results of the 3 different injection regions were essentially the same. 3.By counting the labeled cells in ganglia S-3,4,5 Separately we could find out that each ganglion was connected with all the 3 regions of the bladder,yet there was still more or less apparent segmental characteristics in these connections.Thus,in animals injected in the upper region the percentages of the labeled cells in ganglia S-3,4,5 were 60.39%,32.87%,and 6.74% respectively;but in those injected in the lower region it was reduced to 34.36% in ganglion S-3 but increased in ganglion S-5 to 15.30%.The result of animals injected in the middle region lies between the former two. 4.The afferent fibers accompanying sympathetic nerve,however,entered the thora- cic and lumbar ganglia with the highest percentage(40~48%)in ganglion L-4. 5.Among the sacral ganglia,it was found that the labeled cells of different sizes were so distributed as to show that different types of labeled cells were connected with certain respective regions of the bladder.The percentage of the larger cells,in cases inject- ed in the upper region was 23.5% while in those injected in the lower region it was only 2.14%.And the percentage of the smaller cells was 34.4% in animals injected in the upper region but in those injected in the lower region it was sharply increased to 82%. The labeled cells in lumbar ganglia were mainly small ones(about 80%),the medium-sized cells were about 20%,and the large cells were only scanty.
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
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【Co-references】
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