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A STUDY ON MORPHOLOGICAL BASIS OF CHINESE ACUPUNCTURE AND MOXIBUSTION FROM DIGITAL HUMAN BODY

YUAN Lin+ 1 , YAO Da-wei+2, TANG Lei+1, HUANG Wen-hua+1, JIAO Pei-feng+1, LU Yun-tao+1, DAI Jing-xing+1, ZHANG Hui+1, HE Zhen-quan+3, ZHONG Shi-zhen+1(1Department of Anatomy,the First Military Medical University, Guangzhou 510515,China; 2Department of Anatomy, Hong Kong Chineses University, Hong Kong China; 3Guangzhou Chinese Medical University,Guangzhou 510405,China)  
Objective To explore visible structures of channel points and mechanism of acupuncture and moxibustion in Chinese medicine. Methods The images from a digital dataset of two human cadavers (male and female) were divided and reconstructed with 3-D, in order to generate a cancellated frame of the fascia and connective tissues for whole bodies. The reconstructed frame was compared with the sites of channels and acupoints in Chinese medicine. Results The areas where the fascia were located can be classified to five sorts according to the reconstruction.They were: 1.The dense connective tissue in the dermal reticular layer and papillary. 2.The loose connective tissue in the subcutaneous layer. 3.The loose connective tissue in the intermuscular septa. 4.The loose connective tissue around the neurovascular tracts,and 5.The loose connective tissue at the visceral hili and tunicae. The locations for being stimulated by treatment of acupuncture in Chinese medicine are well matched with the fascia and connective tissues of the human body through the comparison of the data from the digital human bodies. Conclusion There might be a functional system which consists of the fascia and connective tissues in the human body and it may represent the anatomical basis for the therapeutic effects of the acupuncture.
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