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《Acta Parasitologica Et Medica Entomologica Sinica》 1999-04
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COMPARISON ON THE POSTERIOR STIGMATA OF FLY LARVAE WITH LIGHT AND SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY

Xu Shie Lu Xiujun Jin Liqun (Department of Parasitology,Shantou University Medical College,Shantou 515031)  
There was comparative study on the posterior stigmata of the larvae of Chrysomyia megacephala and Musca domestica etc.with light microscopy(LM) and scanning electron microscopy(SEM) in the paper.The results showed that the posterior stigma of fly consisted of body wall layer,stigmatic plate and spiracular ducts.Between the body wall and stigmatic plate.there was a latent stigmatic cavity.Under the light microscope,the structures of the layer of stigmatic plate could be observed only.But under the scanning electron microscope,the body wall layer could be observed also,there were 3 spiracular slits,smooth surface and closed cracks in the middle.On the outside brim of each spiracular slits and between inner and medical spiracular slits,there were 4 groups of spiracular muscles(spiracular gland termed in the past).The body wall layer could close and open by the role of the spiracular muscles,in order to inhale air and to prevent the immersion of water.The spiracular slits,buttons and shapes,numbers,distributions of spiracular muscles were similar in different species of flies.But the branches of the spiracular muscles were different.The positions and shapes of the structures on the spiracular plate were not always similar.The posterior stigmata of the first instar larvae of Chrysomyia megacephala and Boettcherisca peregrina were also observed in the study.There were 2 spiracular slits,but not well developed and not chitinized completely.
【CateGory Index】: R384
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