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《Water Saving Irrigation》 2017-07
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Research on High Water Use Efficiency of Hybrid Millet in Extreme Drought Region

ZHAO Zhi-hai;FENG Xiao-lei;SHI Gao-lei;SONG Guo-liang;FAN Guang-yu;WANG Xiao-ming;WANG Feng;Zhangjiakou Academy of Agricultural Sciences;Zhangjiakou Hybrid Millet Sub-center of National Millet Improvement Center;Hebei Province Hybrid Millet R&D Center;  
Drought and water shortage has become major limiting factors for the development of Chinese agriculture,especially in the arid and semi-arid regions. By selecting hybrid millet with better drought resistant performance and higher yield and combining with the technique of mulching plastic film and decreasing planting density,efficient water use in arid region can be achieved. The study results show that:(1)under the condition of only one-time irrigation of 1 200 m3/hm~2 before sowing and almost no rainfall supplement in Dunhuang city,the yields of hybrid millets generally can reach 5 000 kg/hm~2,and the highest yield can be up to 6 106.05 kg/hm~2.(2) The Pearson correlation coefficient analysis shows that the correlation coefficient between grain weight per plant and tiller number is 0. 575 93,which is moderate relevant and reachs a significant level.(3) The technique of Mulching plastic film and decreasing planting density can effectively reduce the ineffective loss of soil moisture,and solve the incompatible contradiction between water demand for hybrid millet and rainfalls. The study has important significance for effectively dealing with occurrence of extreme weather,protecting water resources,and ensuring food security.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划项目(2011BAD06B01);; 河北省科技条件建设项目(169676410G)
【CateGory Index】: S515
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