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《Jiangsu Journal of Agricultural Sciences》 1989-01
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Combining Ability of Some Grain Quality Characters in Hybrid Rice (Oryza sativa L. ssp. sinica)

Wang Cailin and Tang Yugeng (Institute of Food Crops, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences)  
Combining abilities of 8 grain quality characters in hybrid rice ( O. sativa L. ssp. sinica ) were studied with 18 hybrids between 3 CMS lines ( A lines ) and 6 restorer lines ( R liens ) with NCII design. The percentages of brown rice, milled rice and chalk rice and the length and length/width ratio of husked rice were found to be affected only by GCA effects of A and R lines, while the head rice percentage affected by both GCA and SCA effects.Since 74.77-91.59% of the variations in those grain quality characters of F2 seeds could be attributed to GCA of A and R lines, and 49.57-83.58% to R1 ines, the key to improve milling and appearence characteristics of sinica hybrid rice may be the selection of GCA of parents, especially of the R lines. The cloes relationship between the GCA for a trait of a parent ( except for chalk rice percentage ) and the direct measurement of that trait suggested that it would be effective to select a parent directly on the basis of the measurement of a target trait. Problems concerning how to improve the grain quality of sinica hybrid rice were discussed.
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