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《Jiangsu Journal of Agricultural Sciences》 1992-03
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Studies on Chromosomes of Meisan Swine and Its Hybrids I . Karyotype analysis

Lin Zhihong, Ge Yunsan, Xu Yunxia and Ge Jijun Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Nanjing 210014, China  
The Karyotype of Meisan swine (M), the two-way hybrid of Landrace with Meisan (L M), the three-way hybrid of Hampshire with L M [H (L M)], and the three-way hybrid of Duroc with L M [D (L M)] were studied by means of leukocyte culture from peripheral blood in this research. All of the 4 swine types had 19 pairs of chromosomes (Table 1 and Figs. 1,2). No significant shape difference in the 18 pairs of autosomes was found a-mong the four types. However, prominent differences were shown in the X chromosome a-mong the four types; the X chromosome was longest in D (L M), followed by that of Meisan, and shortest in H (L M). There were secondary constrictions on the short arms of pair 8 and pair 10 chromosomes close to the centromere in these four types of swine, especially obvious in pair 10. Meisan swine showed the highest frequency of occurrence of secondary constriction(70%), followed by L M(62. 5%), H (L M) (57. 5%), and D (L M) (53.75%) (Table 2).
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