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《Jiangsu Journal of Agricultural Sciences》 2002-02
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Comparison of Cold Hardiness in Three Species of Overwintering Rice Stem Borers in Nanjing Area

GUO Hui fang 1, LI Qun 2, FANG Ji chao 1, ZHANG Hai 1 (1 Institute of Plant Protection, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences , Nanjing210014China; 2 Hanjiang Station of Plant Protection,Yangzhou 225002,China)  
Cold hardiness in three species of rice stem borers, namely, yellow stem borer (Scirpophaga incertulas ), striped stem borer (Chilo suppressalis ) and pink stem borer (Sesamia inferens ) in the same overwintering period in Nanjing area and that in the same species of rice stem borer in different overwintering periods were compared by measuring their supercooling point. The results showed that among rice stem borers in the middle stage of overwintering, Scirpophaga incertulas had the highest supercooling ability, Chilo suppressalis , the middle, and Sesamia inferens , the lowest. Scirpophaga incertulas also had higher supercooling ability than Chilo suppressalis in the late stage of overwintering. Body water content in Scirpophaga incertulas and Chilo suppressalis were lower than that in Sesamia inferens , which indicated that their supercooling ability related to body water content. The supercooling point of overwintering Sesamia inferens increased with the decrease of temperature and increase of larvae instar , and these indicated it was freeze tolerant. But the supercooling point of Scirpophaga incertulas and Chilo suppressalis decreased as the temperature decreased, which showed they were freeze intolerant.
【Fund】: “十五”国家攻关重大专项 (2 0 0 1BA5 0 7A11) ;; 江苏省“十五”攻关项目 (BE2 0 0 13 41)
【CateGory Index】: S435.112
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