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《Jiangsu Journal of Agricultural Sciences》 2011-02
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Effects of remained numbers of vine and fruit on root vigor and antioxidative characteristics of muskmelon

FAN Bo-sheng1,JIANG Fang-ling1,HU Gen-jin2,WANG Dong2,WU Zhen1(1.College of Horticulture,Nanjing Agricultural University,Key Open Laboratory of Southern Vegetable Crop Genetic Improvement,Ministry of Agriculture,Nanjing 210095,China;2.Training Base for New Agricultural Technology of Nanjing Military Region,Nanjing 211812,China)  
To investigate the desirable numbers of vine and fruit beneficial to delay root senescence,two muskmelon varieties,Zhongtian No.1 and Zhongtiancuiyu,were used as the materials to study the root vigor and antioxidant characteristics of muskmelon.The two muskmelon varieties were applied with six treatments,i.e.,1 vine and 2 fruits,2 vines and 2 fruits,3 vines and 2 fruits,1 vine and 3fruits,2 vines and 3 fruits,and 3 vines and 3 fruits,and 1 fruit without any vine was set as CK.The results revealed that proper numbers of vine and fruit could significantly slow down decline of root vigor and the soluble protein content,reduce the production rate of O2·-and the content of malondialdehyde(MDA),improve the activities of superoxide dismutase(SOD),catalase(CAT) and the content of ascorbic acid(AsA),decrease the activity of peroxidase(POD).The results indicated that the numbers of vine and fruit had a closed relation with root vigor and antioxidant characteristics of muskmelon plants.Two or three vines with two fruits remained could enhance senescence-resistant ability of muskmelon roots.Two vines with 2 fruits remained for Zhongtian No.1 and 3 vines and 2 fruits for Zhongtiancuiyu could achieve the best growth of muskmelon root.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑项目(2008BAD96B05);; 江苏省农业三项工程项目[XS(2008)ZS20];; 江苏省科技支撑项目(BE2009403)
【CateGory Index】: S652
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