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《江苏农学院学报》 1995-02
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GRAIN FILLING AND COMBINING ABILITIES OF JAPONICAL/INDICA HYBRIDS

Zhang Zujian; Zhu Qingsen; Cao Xianzu; Wang Zhiqin ;HuI Dafeng(Dept.of Agron,Jiangsu Agric,Coll.,Yangzhou 225009 )  
An experiment was carried out to study the grain-filling and fertilitles of 25 hybrlds between 5 typical wide compatibility Jing(O. Japonica )varieties and 5 typical Xian(O. Indica )rices. The results are as follows : The fertility and grain,filling are not significantly correlated.they are two independent traits. The position effects of grain-filling exist,ie,the grains of upper panicles are better than those in middle,which are furiher better than those of lower parts. However,the low grain- filling is generally on whole pan-icles for some combinations,There are apparent differences in general combining ability of parents. The spe-cial combining abillties are also significant in some combinatlons. The genetic expression of the trait is controlled by both additive and non-additive effects. It is feasible to improve the grain-filling of varietal hybrids by selecting suitable parents and some special combinations.
【Fund】: 国家高技术发展研究计划
【CateGory Index】: S511.103.5
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