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《Journal of Jiangsu Institute of Petrochemical Technology》 2002-03
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Preparation of Biodiesel Oil from Vegetable Oils Transesterification of Vegetable Oil and Methanol

WU Guo-ying 1,WU Miao-xin 1,LIN Xi-ping 1,ZHANG You-chun 2,LIU Yong 2 (1.Department of Chemical Engineering,Jiangsu Institute of Petrochemical Technology,Changzhou 213016,China)  
A research was reported that biodiesel was manufactured by the transesterification of vegetable oils.Vegetable oils were readily transesterified batchwise with an excess of methanol at atmospheric pressure and at a temperature of approximately 45℃ in the presence of KOH as catalyst.Through orthogonal analysis of parameters in a four-factor and three-level test,the optimum conditions were obtained for the transesterification:molar ratio of methanol to oil 6∶1,usage amount of KOH 1 1% and reaction temperature 45℃.Vegetable oil led to a 98 33% conversion,and the yield of crude esters was 99 83% under these conditions.The properties of manufactured biodiesel oil had a quality specification near that of biodiesel oil from ASTM.
【CateGory Index】: TE667
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