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Research Progress on Biomagnetism and Biomagnetic Effect of Bone

DING Chong,CHEN Xiao-hu,LI Di-jie,NING Dan-dan,SHANG Peng(School of Life Science,Northwestern Polytechnical University,Xi’an 710072,China)  
The magnetic properties of bone tissue are mainly dominated by the diamagnetic materials,which can act with the external magnetic fields.With the function of promoting bone growth,puls-electromagnetic fields(PEMFs) or static magnetic fields(SMFs) with certain parameters can be used as a therapy for the osteoporosis and fracture healing in clinical application,as well as the bone implant materials with magnetic property are developed to promote the damaged tissues repair.The research of effect of magnetic fields on bone tissue are studied on integration,cell,and molecular level.The osteoblast,osteoclast and osteocyte’s responses to the same magnetic fields are different.To analysis and detect the magnetism of bone cells and bone tissue will provide a guidance for research the mechanism of biomagnetic effects of bone and its application.
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