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《Journal of Wuhan University of Technology(Transportation Science & Engineering)》 2010-05
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Driver Behaves in Bad Weathers

Zhu Zhandong1) Rong Jian1) Zhou Wei 2) (Beijing Key Lab of Transportation Engineering, Beijing University of Technology,Beijing100124,China)1) (Research Institute of Highway Ministry of Transport,Beijing100088,China)2)  
Past studies indicate that traffic accident increases in bad weathers remarkably.In order to study the effects of bad weathers on drivers,this paper records the physiological and psychological reactions of the drivers in different weathers as fine,medium rain,heavy rain,rain and fog based on driving simulator.Through comparison of heart rate,breath rate of the drivers and the speed of the vehicles between different weathers,driver behaves in different weathers are obtained.Experiments indicate that the speed of the vehicle varies in different weathers.The speed in fine is the most,and the following is that in medium rain,heavy rain,rain and fog.The physiological and psychological reactions vary in different weathers too.The mean heart rate in medium rain is the most,and the following is that in fine,heavy rain,rain and fog in turn.The standard deviation of the heart rate in medium is the biggest,and the following is that in rain and fog,heavy rain and fine.The paper analyses the factors affecting the driver behaves and draws the conclusions that the mean speed in different weathers correlates with visibility closely and that the heart rate correlates with the driver's tension and speed.The conclusions provide an basic data for posted speed limit in bad weathers.
【Fund】: 西部交通建设科技项目资助(批准号:200731822325)
【CateGory Index】: U491.254
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