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《Mycosystema》 2006-03
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Characteristics of mating type,metalaxyl sensitivity and virulence of Phytophthora infestans on tomato in Yunnan,China

CAO Ji-Fen SUN Dao-Wang YANG Ming-Ying ZHAO Zhi-Jian* (Laboratory of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Environment & Resources Research Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Kunming 650205)  
The characteristics of mating type, metalaxyl sensitivity and virulence of Phytophthora infestans isolates collected from tomato in Yunnan during 2003 to 2004 were analyzed systematically. The results showed that A2 or self-fertility isolate was absent, and only A1 mating type was detected from P. infestans population on tomato. Resistant and moderately resistant isolates to metalaxyl were common lineages on tomato in Yunnan and the ratio of resistant, moderately resistant and sensitive isolates was 51.2%, 31.7% and 17.1% respectively. Among sixty-one isolates virulent to known resistance gene R1, R2, R3, R4, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10 and R11 with the frequency from 9.8~95.1%, a total of twenty-six different virulence patterns was detected and each virulence contained 0~9 virulence factors with mean of 5.2. The main virulence patterns were 1.3.4.7, 1.3.4.6.7.9 and 1.3.7.9. The virulence 1.3.4.7 was predominant among the populations and the others showed low frequency ranged from 1.6 to 4.9%. The result indicated that the characteristics of P. infestans populations on tomato in Yunnan were diverse and complicated.
【Fund】: 云南省自然科学基金项目(2004C0024Q);; 云南省“十五”科技攻关重点项目(2002NC09);; 中国国家外国专家局资助项目(CG2005530006)
【CateGory Index】: S436.412
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